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Luis Gordillo (1934)

Luis Gordillo

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Luis Gordillo was born in Seville in 1934. As a painter he rebelled against the prevailing informal art of the 1950s, and as such he is today regarded as the pioneer of figuration and Pop Art in Spanish art of the 1960s.

Gordillo began law school in his youth, but soon discovered that he was more interested in art. He enrolled at the Escuela de Bellas Artes. In 1958 he traveled to Paris and became acquainted with the work of Jean Fautrier (1898-1964) and Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985). During this period, he still followed the aesthetics of Art Autre and Dau al Set, as shown at his first exhibition in 1959 in Seville.

After a new visit to the French capital, he created the Cabezas and Automovilistas series, underscoring the influence of Francis Bacon and the American Pop Art movement. With his new approach to figuration, he became the first true Spanish pop artist. He ironizes, among other things, the rise of the mass media.

Not long after, he transfers his experiences with psychoanalysis to his work, opening new avenues. He even temporarily left painting to devote himself entirely to his so-called dibujos automáticos, drawings that were put on paper in one line. In 1971 they were exhibited in Madrid. This exhibition has been of great importance to a new generation of young artists, who represented the movement of the Madrid figuration.

In the 1970s, Gordillo transfers the technique of his dibujos automáticos to linen, making use of color as well. Between 1980 and 1990, however, his theme changes. His pallet is also getting cooler. He ends up between his earlier figuration and a postmodern abstraction.

In 1981, Gordillo received the Premio Nacional de Artes Plásticas in his native country. has the Marlborough Madrid catalogue now available.

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